The Looming Debt Crisis: Why America's Debt Problem is Everyone's Problem

The U.S. is the largest economy in the world, but it has a problem: it’s sitting on a colossal pile of debt. How big is it? The U.S. government owes close to USD 35 trillion.

The headlines are filled with news of conflict and turmoil, but beneath the surface, there’s a ticking time bomb that investors—and indeed, everyone—should be paying attention to. As the saying goes, “When the U.S. sneezes, the world catches a cold.” Today, the sneeze we’re worried about is America’s massive debt load, which is casting a long shadow on the global economy.

United States: A Mountain of Debt

The U.S. is the largest economy in the world, but it has a problem: it’s sitting on a colossal pile of debt. How big is it? The U.S. government owes close to USD 35 trillion, which is larger than the entire American economy, with a GDP of about USD 28 trillion according to the latest IMF data. This means that America’s debt is 123% of its GDP—an alarming figure that indicates the government is borrowing beyond its means.

The government borrows more money whenever it runs out of cash, issuing bonds and taking on more debt without addressing its spending habits. This trajectory is unsustainable, and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) has sounded the alarm.

Why the IMF is Worried

The IMF’s concern isn’t just about America’s debt—it’s about the impact this debt has on global financial stability. America’s rising debt is driving up interest rates worldwide, raising the cost of loans for everyone. The U.S. cannot keep borrowing without limits because it puts the entire global economy at risk.

Traditionally, U.S. debt was considered safe because the U.S. had never defaulted on its loans, and the U.S. dollar is the world’s reserve currency. This allowed the U.S. government some leeway. But now, things are changing. The pace of America’s debt growth is staggering, with an additional USD 1 trillion being added every 100 days. This year alone, the U.S. will pay USD 870 billion in interest on its loans, which is more than its defence budget, indicating the severity of the debt burden.

The Debt Trap: A Risky Situation

This high-interest rate environment is pushing the U.S. into a debt trap. It’s like taking out a home loan with a floating interest rate—you pay off your EMIs (equated monthly installments), but your debt barely decreases because the bank is primarily recovering interest. The U.S. government is in a similar situation, with interest payments outpacing revenue, leading to an ever-increasing debt burden.

Concerns about America’s debt aren’t limited to policymakers. Top American bankers, including JP Morgan Chase CEO Jamie Dimon and Bank of America CEO Brian Moynihan, have voiced their worries. Even Jerome Powell, Chairman of the U.S. Federal Reserve, called for an “adult conversation” among elected officials about reducing the federal debt and finding a sustainable fiscal path.

A Need for Change

It’s clear that the U.S. government needs to change its approach to debt management. Every year, Democrats and Republicans clash over the debt ceiling, threatening a government shutdown. This brinksmanship isn’t just risky for the U.S.—it affects the entire global economy.

American politicians need to adopt a more sustainable strategy, focusing on reducing expenses and finding ways to increase revenue. The stability of the U.S. economy and, by extension, the global economy depends on it.


The U.S. is at a crossroads. The road ahead is risky, but it doesn’t have to be a dead end. The U.S. government can avoid disaster by taking action to control its debt and adopting a more sustainable fiscal policy. If it doesn’t, the consequences could be severe, not just for America, but for the entire world.

As the saying goes, “An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure.” It’s time for America to prevent a debt disaster before it’s too late.

Disclaimer: This post has been written exclusively for educational purposes. The securities mentioned are only examples and not recommendations. It is based on several secondary sources on the internet and is subject to changes. Please consult an expert before making related decisions.