Indian IPO Process Demystified: A Step-by-Step Guide for Investors


Initial Public Offerings (IPOs) are a crucial part of the Indian financial market, providing companies with a pathway to raise capital and go public. For investors, IPOs can offer the chance to invest in promising companies early on and potentially earn high returns.

This article will demystify the IPO process in India, providing a step-by-step guide for investors. We will cover the key steps involved, regulatory requirements, and considerations, so you can confidently navigate the world of upcoming IPOs.

Step-by-Step Key Points:

  1. Select an underwriter or investment bank. This is a financial institution that will help the company with the IPO process, including pricing the IPO and marketing it to investors.
  2. Prepare and register the IPO prospectus. This document contains detailed information about the company, its business, and its financial performance. It is required by law and must be approved by SEBI, the Indian securities regulator.
  3. Apply to the stock exchange. Once the prospectus is approved, the company can apply to list its shares on a stock exchange.
  4. Build IPO anticipation. The company will typically embark on a roadshow to generate interest from potential investors. This may involve meetings with analysts, fund managers, and other institutional investors.
  5. Price the IPO. The IPO price is typically determined based on a book-building process, where investors place bids for shares. The company and its underwriters will then set the final price based on the demand.
  6. Allocate shares to investors. Once the IPO is priced, the company will allocate shares to investors. This may be done on a pro rata basis, or it may be based on other factors, such as the size of the bids.
  7. List the shares on the stock exchange. Once the shares have been allocated, they will be listed on the stock exchange and trading will begin.

Recent Example:

Zaggle Prepaid Ocean Services IPO

IPO Date: September 14, 2023 to September 18, 2023
Listing Date: September 22, 2023
Face Value: Rs. 1 per share
Price Band: Rs. 156 - Rs. 164 per share
Lot Size: 90 shares
Total Issue Size: 3,43,52,255
Fresh issue: 2,39,02,439
Offer for Sale: 1,04,49,816
Issue Type: Book Built Issue
IPO Listing At: BSE, NSE
Shareholding Pre issue: 9,81,94,319
Shareholding Post issue: 12,20,96,758


The IPO process might look a bit complex, but it is essential for companies that want to raise capital and go public. For investors, IPOs can offer the chance to invest in promising companies early on and potentially earn high returns.

It is important to note that IPOs are also risky. Companies that are new to the stock market may have less established track records and may be more volatile. Investors should carefully consider their risk tolerance and investment goals before investing in IPOs.


This article is for educational purposes only and should not be taken as financial advice. Please consult with a financial adviser before making any investment decisions.